Technology NewsA hydrogen cell bus runs in Paks

A hydrogen cell bus runs in Paks

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The special zero-emission vehicle can travel 400 kilometers on one tank.

One will run for three days as a demonstration hydrogen fuel cell bus in Paks, the center of the Hungarian hydrogen valley, as part of the JIVE-2 project, which is the largest EU co-financed hydrogen bus program in Europe to date.

During the program between January 16 and 18, a hydrogen bus conference and a professional and career orientation day will be organized in connection with the fact that the bus will participate in Paks public transport on line 1 during this period. Passengers can use the hydrogen-powered vehicle operated in cooperation with HUMDA Magyar Mobilitás-fällzejsi Ügynökség Zrt., the Hungarian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association, Toyota-CaetanoBus, Messer Hungarogáz Kft. and Paksi Közlekedési Kft. free of charge.

Last spring, Toyota and CaetanoBus signed an agreement to boost hydrogen mobility
Last spring, Toyota and CaetanoBus signed an agreement to boost hydrogen mobility

The three-door, manufactured in Portugal, operating with zero local emissions and very low noise emissions Toyota-Caetano H2.City Gold type bus arrived in Paks on January 13. The vehicle can travel 400 kilometers on a single charge, refueling takes only 9 minutes. The power of the fuel cell is 60 kW, which is supplemented by a built-in (44 kWh capacity, LTO) battery, so that the electric motor driving the vehicle can deliver 180 kW.

In order to optimize the interior space, the hydrogen tanks and the fuel cell stack were placed on the roof of the vehicle. A total of 37.5 kilograms of hydrogen gas can be stored in the tanks at a pressure of 350 bar. The Toyota-Caetano H2.City Gold type is available in 10.7 or 12 meter versions; The longer version operates in Paks, which – including the seats and standing seats – can carry 85 passengers.

The citizens of Paks can use the hydrogen-powered bus for free during the trial run
The citizens of Paks can use the hydrogen-powered bus for free during the trial run

The JIVE-2 (Joint Initiative for Hydrogen Vehicles Across Europe) program launched in Central and Eastern Europe with EU co-financing is the largest fuel cell bus project in Europe to date, which aims to bring closer the commercialization of hydrogen-powered buses and the associated hydrogen charging – the construction of infrastructure. The European Hydrogen Association, which covers the entire European supply chain, is also participating in the demonstration model project.

There are great opportunities for hydrogen, and the fuel cell drive chain may also play a prominent role in bus transport in the future. We will do everything to ensure that this environmentally friendly solution spreads in our country as soon as possible and, together with the Green Bus Program coordinated by HUMDA, contributes to the achievement of our 2050 climate goals. This special bus is in the best location here in Paks, in the center of the Hungarian hydrogen valley. During the sample project, we can gain valuable experience on how this technology can best be used in public transport

– highlighted Deli Daniella, Deputy State Secretary of the Ministry of Energy.

Our primary goal is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions in public transport. The Green Bus Program – adopted in 2021 and part of the National Hydrogen Strategy – plays a big role in this, as part of which, after the demonstration project in Budapest last February, a fuel cell bus is participating in public transport in Hungary for the second time. Hydrogen is also a good solution for energy storage in the long term, and it is also clearly one of the efficient powertrains of the future

– emphasized Balázs Weingartner, President and CEO of HUMDA Hungarian Mobility Development Agency Zrt.

Until now, hydrogen has been used almost exclusively for chemical and petrochemical purposes, but it will also play an important role in the transport of the future. This trend has started in many developed countries of the world, and in addition to the direct use of hydrogen for transportation purposes, pure hydrogen will play an increasingly important role in energy and in several segments of industry – we hope that this will also be the case in Hungary. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are one of the promising alternative solutions for urban public transport in the near future

– added Zoltán Mayer, secretary of the Hungarian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association.

The hydrogen fuel cell electric passenger car presented for the first time in Hungary, the Toyota Mirai as a distributor, we are very pleased that this joint demonstration project with Caetanobus was realized thanks to the Hungarian organizers, and we are confident that this will be only the first, but extremely important milestone in the development of absolutely green, hydrogen-based, emission-free domestic public transport. Hydrogen-based public transport implemented in individual cities can create the critical minimum traffic and return, which is a prerequisite for individual service providers to decide to establish filling stations in Hungary

– said Richárd László, the country director of Toyota Central Europe – Hungary.

Green hydrogen, i.e. we provide fuel produced with renewable energy for the demonstration in Paks. Our goal is for public transport operators interested in the technology to get to know the fuel cell bus and gain experience in hydrogen charging. The fuel cell bus is refueled with hydrogen at a high-performance hydrogen filling station installed by Messer

– emphasized Zsolt Bohner, managing director of Messer Hungarogáz Kft.

One of the importance of Paks lies in the fact that the settlement is the home of the Paksi Atomerőmű Zrt. Since the city is located in the center of the Hungarian hydrogen valley, is an energy center of outstanding importance in the region, and is constantly developing, it is essential that the level and quality of public transport services in Paks develop together with the city

– said Tamás Tavi, managing director of Paksi Közlekedesi Kft.

Today, the hydrogen economy is still only a small part of the energy market, but it should become generally accepted and widely used very quickly. With our support, the JIVE project makes it possible to increase the market size of fuel cell buses in Europe and contributes to reducing the price of the entire value chain, while also raising awareness of hydrogen technologies and their benefits.

– added Bart Biebuyck, managing director of the Clean Hydrogen Partnership.

The bus can travel 400 kilometers with one tank of hydrogen
The bus can travel 400 kilometers with one tank of hydrogen

Hydrogen, as an energy carrier, has excellent potential for decarbonizing many sectors of the economy, especially where batteries cannot be used efficiently technically or are a more expensive solution. One such sector is urban public transport, where hydrogen used in fuel cell buses provides high performance and improved passenger comfort without emitting greenhouse gases and other air pollutants, particulates and noise.

Toyota-CaetanoBus, part of Toyota Caetano Portugal and Mitsui & Co, is a bus and chassis manufacturer based in Portugal. The company’s range of vehicles is mainly ideal for cities and airports. Toyota-CaetanoBus has been dealing with electro-mobility since 1980. As part of the cooperation between Toyota and Caetano, the H2.City Gold city bus is marketed under a common brand name.

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