Home Latest Feeds Technology News Multiple Hacker Groups Exploit 3-Year-Old Vulnerability to Breach U.S. Federal Agency

Multiple Hacker Groups Exploit 3-Year-Old Vulnerability to Breach U.S. Federal Agency

0
Multiple Hacker Groups Exploit 3-Year-Old Vulnerability to Breach U.S. Federal Agency

[ad_1]

Mar 16, 2023Ravie LakshmananCyber Attack / Vulnerability

Vulnerability

Multiple threat actors, including a nation-state group, exploited a critical three-year-old security flaw in Progress Telerik to break into an unnamed federal entity in the U.S.

The disclosure comes from a joint advisory issued by the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC).

“Exploitation of this vulnerability allowed malicious actors to successfully execute remote code on a federal civilian executive branch (FCEB) agency’s Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) web server,” the agencies said.

The indicators of compromise (IoCs) associated with the digital break-in were identified from November 2022 through early January 2023.

Tracked as CVE-2019-18935 (CVSS score: 9.8), the issue related to a .NET deserialization vulnerability affecting Progress Telerik UI for ASP.NET AJAX that, if left unpatched, could lead to remote code execution.

It’s worth noting here that CVE-2019-18935 has previously found a place among some of the most commonly exploited vulnerabilities abused by various threat actors in 2020 and 2021.

CVE-2019-18935, in conjunction with CVE-2017-11317, has also been weaponized by a threat actor tracked as Praying Mantis (aka TG2021) to infiltrate the networks of public and private organizations in the U.S.

Last month, CISA also added CVE-2017-11357 – another remote code execution bug affecting Telerik UI – to the Known Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV) catalog, citing evidence of active exploitation.

Threat actors are said to have leveraged the flaw to upload and execute malicious dynamic-link library (DLL) files masquerading as PNG images via the w3wp.exe process.

The DLL artifacts are designed to gather system information, load additional libraries, enumerate files and processes, and exfiltrate the data back to a remote server.

WEBINAR

Discover the Hidden Dangers of Third-Party SaaS Apps

Are you aware of the risks associated with third-party app access to your company’s SaaS apps? Join our webinar to learn about the types of permissions being granted and how to minimize risk.

RESERVE YOUR SEAT

Another set of attacks, observed as early as August 2021 and likely mounted by a cybercriminal actor dubbed XE Group, entailed the use of aforementioned evasion techniques to sidestep detection.

These DLL files dropped and executed reverse (remote) shell utilities for unencrypted communications with a command-and-control domain to drop additional payloads, including an ASPX web shell for persistent backdoor access.

The web shell is equipped to “enumerate drives; to send, receive, and delete files; and to execute incoming commands” and “contains an interface for easily browsing files, directories, or drives on the system, and allows the user to upload or download files to any directory.”

To counter such attacks, it’s recommended that organizations upgrade their instances of Telerik UI ASP.NET AJAX to the latest version, implement network segmentation, and enforce phishing-resistant multi-factor authentication for accounts that have privileged access.

Found this article interesting? Follow us on Twitter and LinkedIn to read more exclusive content we post.



[ad_2]

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here